Another important type of trade agreement is the Trade and Investment Framework Agreement. AIFF provides a framework for governments to discuss and resolve trade and investment issues at an early stage. These agreements are also a way to identify and work on capabilities, where appropriate. The global economy has also changed over the past two decades. Several developing countries – including China, Brazil and India – have developed effective export strategies to take advantage of the global market. China has joined the WTO and has now overtaken Japan to become the world`s second-largest economy, and the U.S. trade deficit with China is now much larger than the deficit with Japan. The founders of post-war institutions set up a world in which trade would be largely based on economic foundations and in which nations would trade with each other at an essentially equal level. It was hoped that gatt would establish the structure that would make this vision a reality. In addition, EU Member States and several other countries have pushed for new negotiations on investment, competition policy, public procurement and trade restrictions. However, developing countries have firmly rejected negotiations on these issues. At the 1996 WTO Ministerial Meeting, a compromise was reached to establish working groups to examine these four issues in order to determine whether it was possible to reach a consensus to include them in the next round of trade negotiations.
The United States also had a free trade agreement with Israel in 1985, implemented primarily for foreign policy reasons, and an agreement with its northern neighbor, Canada, which came into force in 1989. Few Americans were aware of the U.S. agreement with Israel, and the agreement with Canada enjoyed public support. Peru The Trade Promotion Agreement between the United States and Peru was signed in December 2007. Since then, the United States has maintained a large trade surplus with Peru. ==Exports to Peru increased by 43% to $5.9 billion in 2016, while Peruvian imports amounted to $4.3 billion. Article XV of the GATT/WTO provides that „the Parties shall not, by means of exchange rate measures, thwart the intention of the provisions of this Agreement or the intention of the provisions of the Articles of the Agreement on the International Monetary Fund by means of trade measures“. Where there are problems, the liberalization of agriculture in general lags behind the liberalization of non-agricultural products. The agreement between the United States and Israel initially liberated the agricultural sector, although the two partner countries later negotiated an agreement on trade in agricultural products, but it only opened trade with a hundred items.  The only reference to services was Article II(2)(c), which provides that Contracting Parties may charge imported goods fees equivalent to the cost of the service provided […].