Sir Creek Agreement

Russell`s vipers and scorpions live in this swampy area, complicating the life of the border guards. [5] During the monsoon season between June and September, the creek floods its banks and envelops the salty watt at low temperatures around it. During the winter season, flamingos and other migratory birds are present in the area. The 24th parallel north race runs through Sir Creek. Sir Creek is mainly fed by Nareri Lake, whose exit from the right bank flows into the creek. [6] The LBOD, a canal, also discharges wastewater into Sir Creek. Similarly, the Ramsar Convention also contains a provision for the protection of cross-border wetlands by establishing jointly managed areas. Currently, 234 „wetlands of international importance“ are listed in the Ramsar Convention, which share borders with two or more countries. Currently, 20 of these areas are officially recognized as cross-border protection zones with a common management regime. [8] Given that Pakistan has declared the western part of Sir Creek Ramsar wetland since 2002, India`s declaration of the east side of the creek as a Ramsar wetland could also pave the way for a simple win-win dispute settlement outcome, which will also allow India to dissociate this dispute from broader concerns with Pakistan.

It should also be noted that the search for a solution for environmental cooperation would face minimal opposition on the Pakistani side, given that there is already a Ramsar protected area in Sindh province and that the area is a lower security priority for Pakistan`s military installation. The 1968 Tribunal resolution demarcates the boundaries between the two nations, and Pakistan asserts that the creek was integrated into Sindh, thus placing the border as the eastern flank of the creek. [12] Pakistan claims the entire creek in accordance with paragraphs 9 and 10 of the 1914 Sindh government resolution,[13] signed between the Sindh Division government and Rao Maharaj of Kutch. [11] Since India and Pakistan have failed to agree on the exact border, the differences flow into the Arabian Sea and form a huge and controversial piece of water. Pakistan claims the entirety of Sir Creek on the basis of an agreement signed in 1914 between the Sindh government and Kutch`s rulers. On the other hand, India asserts that the border is central, as it was presented in a map in 1925 and implemented with columns to mark the border. [11] Stimson Center, „Research Pages: Simla Agreement,“ July 2, 1972, www.stimson.org/simla-agreement. Over the years, the creek has changed its course dramatically. If one country accepts the traditional position of the other, the former will end up losing a huge amount of exclusive economic zone (EEZ), rich in gas and mineral reserves.