No one can exclude themselves from court protection by contract. The citizen has the right to have his status determined by the ordinary courts, except under the treaty if there is a compromise clause that is valid and binding under the law; parties agree on the jurisdiction over which contractual disputes are discharged. The first paragraph of Section 28 of the Indian Contract Act has been replaced by a new paragraph. The new paragraph changes the entire base of the original section 28. Therefore, it is clear that this new paragraph in section 28 is tantamount to declaring that a clause in an agreement not only excludes an appeal, but also destroys the right to be, that it is as it stands, that it is not entitled. It will therefore result in a substantial change in contract law. The clause in the agreement stipulating that the complainant would not be entitled to the loan after the six-month expiry after the conclusion of the contract was found to be non-compliant with section 28 of the Act and imposed a limitation on legal action within six months; Food Corporation of India/ New India Assurance Co. Ltd., AIR 1994 SC 1896. With respect to Section 28 of the Contracts Act, there is no doubt that this section does not have enforcement agreements that extend the limitation period. Such an agreement, which extends the statute of limitations, contrary to what is provided for by the statute of limitations, would be null and void under section 23 of the Contracts Act, as it would have the effect of countering the provisions of the statute of limitations – Jawaharlal v. Mathura Prasad.  Section 3 of the Statute on Prescription makes it clear that any appeal under a statutory limitation period is rejected, while the statute of limitations is not provided for as a defence. This section merely removes the agreement that prevents a contracting party from asserting the rights of this contract in ordinary courts.
It does not apply if a party refuses to limit the application of its right in ordinary courts, but only accepts a selection of one of the ordinary courts before which legal action would normally be brought. The validity of an agreement that the parties prefer one of the two courts depends on the jurisdiction of both courts to rule. If two or more jurisdictions are responsible for the appeal, there is no opposition to public order or violation of section 28 of the Contracts Act to the agreement between the parties, which limits jurisdiction to a court. 28. Agreements limiting judicial proceedings, which are not valid If the restriction is not absolute, this section will not apply. If one of the two competent legal systems is excluded by mutual agreement, this does not affect the absolute removal of jurisdiction and a clause is not contrary to Section 28. In Food Corporation of India v. New India Insurance Co.Ltd.  The Supreme Court, which also considered a clause in the federal insurance obligation, found that the agreement did not contain any clause contrary to section 28 of the Contracts Act because it does not restrict the filing of an action within six months of the date of termination of the contract claimed by the insurance company. , but it was agreed that, at the end of a six-month period from the date of termination of the contract, Food Corporation would not be entitled to benefit from this loan and this clause could not be construed as a limitation of the normal limitation period for filing the action.
The original text of Section 28 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, which nullifies agreements (or clauses) to restrict judicial proceedings, has been amended several times over the years. Indeed, in 1997, the original Section 28 was replaced by a new one after the recommendations of the 97th report of the Indian Legal Commission were taken into account. The amendments made by the 1997 amendment caused much discontent on the part of banks and financial institutions in that the amendment prevented them from including clauses, for example in a bank guarantee (or similar agreement) that destroys the rights of a party to sue it.